Alcohol & Substance Abuse Awareness
& Prevention

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Awareness & Prevention

ALCOHOL POISONING: A MEDICAL EMERGENCY
An average of 4,000 Americans die from alcohol poisoning each year by drinking a large amount of alcohol in a short time.

Alcohol poisoning is a potential risk for anyone who drinks too much alcohol. Because it is a central nervous system depressant, too much of it can sedate the brain to a point where breathing and heartbeat stop. The amount of alcohol that it takes to produce unconsciousness is dangerously close to a fatal dose. People who survive alcohol poisoning sometimes suffer irreversible brain damage.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Unconsciousness or semiconsciousness - person cannot be aroused Slow respirations of eight or less per minute, or lapses between respirations of more than eight second Cold, clammy, pale or bluish skin

APPROPRIATE ACTION: GET MEDICAL HELP IMMEDIATELY
While waiting, turn the person on his/her side to prevent choking should the person vomit. Stay with the person until medical help arrives.

WHAT TO DO IF SOMEONE IS DRUNK

  • Keep the person still and comfortable. Approach the person calmly and carefully.
  • Drunks can be unpredictable and violent.
  • Stay with the person who is vomiting. If lying down, turn him/her to the side to avoid choking.
  • Monitor the person's breathing. If any signs of alcohol poisoning appear, get immediate medical help.
  • Don't try to walk or exercise the person. Unnecessary movement might cause her/him to fall or faint, resulting in injury.
  • Don't try to sober the person up with food or liquids. This might induce vomiting and result in choking. The only thing that will sober a drunk person is time.
  • Don't give the person a cold shower- the shock may cause him/her to pass out, with resulting injury.

The Alcohol and Substance Abuse Awareness and Prevention Project provides a resource for information, assessment, and treatment referral resources for those with personal or family concerns about alcohol or other drug use or abuse. Services include individual screening, treatment referral resources, and short term counseling including lifestyle management strategies to cope with stress and anxiety without mood altering substances.

Alcohol, Safe Practices and Healthy Decisions
Due to the significant impacts that alcohol can have you on your decision making, health, relationships and the community, here are some suggestions of ways to keep yourself safer, healthier, and from having negative impacts on the community.

Healthy choices

  • Drink a glass of water between each drink of alcohol
  • Measure your drinks (know how much you are consuming)
  • Decide how much you will drink before you drink and stick with it
  • Eat a meal high in protein before and while your drinking
  • Steer clear of drinking games - keep your drinking rate slow
  • Avoid drinks that contain energy drinks and alcohol

Safer Choices

  • Designate a Driver or CARPOOL
  • Make major decisions about your night before you start to drink (how you will get home, who you go home with, etc)
  • Know the people you're with, watch out for yourself and your friends
  • Watch your drink at all times

Online Resources

The BACCHUS Network
is a university and community based network focusing on comprehensive health and safety initiatives. It is the mission of this 501(C)(3) non-profit organization to promote student and young adult based, campus and community-wide leadership on health and safety issues.

College Drinking: Changing the Culture
The NIAAA Task Force's focus is on how to change the culture that underlies alcohol misuse and its consequences on college campuses,rather than on simply determining the number of negative alcohol-related incidents that occur each year.

The report offers:

  1. a general approach to incorporating prevention programs on campus,
  2. specific interventions that schools can combine to meet the needs of their campuses, and
  3. recommendations for future research on college drinking. This link provides national information about how college student drinking is being handled at other universities, by parents,university administrators, and communities alike.

The FACE Project
FACE is a national non-profit organization that supports sensible alcohol policies and practices through the development of messages, strategies and training designed to create public awareness and action on alcohol issues. FACE envisions a nation where public policy,community organizations and individuals come together to reduce the negative effects of underage drinking and the misuse and abuse of alcohol by adults.

Alcoholics Anonymous
Alcoholics Anonymous® is a fellowship of men and women who share their experience, strength and hope with each other that they may solve their common problem and help others to recover from alcoholism. The only requirement for membership is a desire to stop drinking. There are no dues or fees for AA membership; we are self-supporting through our own contributions. AA is not allied with any sect, denomination,politics, organization or institution; does not wish to engage in any controversy, neither endorses nor opposes any causes. Our primary purpose is to stay sober and help other alcoholics to achieve sobriety.

For local information about AA, please call 864-233-6454 or visit their Web site.

"SLEEPING IT OFF"
It is important to understand that even though an intoxicated person may appear to be "sleeping it off," alcohol already in the stomach may continue to enter the bloodstream and circulate throughout the body. The person's life may be in danger. Place the person on his/her side and help maintain this position by placing pillows or rolled up blanket behind them. Monitor closely for signs of alcohol poisoning and get medical help if any appear.

FAQs on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) routinely receives a variety of questions about alcohol. We would like to share the following frequently asked questions and their answers.

Narcotics Anonymous
Narcotics Anonymous is an international, community-based association of recovering drug addicts with more than 31,000 weekly meetings in over 100 countries worldwide. Membership is open to all drug addicts,regardless of the particular drug or combination of drugs used. There are no social, religious, economic, racial, ethnic, national, gender,or class-status membership restrictions. There are no dues or fees for membership.

Narcotics Anonymous provides a recovery process and support network inextricably linked together. One of the keys to NA's success is the therapeutic value of addicts working with other addicts. Members share their successes and challenges in overcoming active addiction and living drug-free productive lives through the application of the principles contained within the Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions of NA.