Goals & Objectives
After 30 minutes of orientation, the JMS should be able to:
Surgical Operating Suites
DRESS CODE - SURGICAL ATTIRE
Gloving Procedure - Open
Gloving Procedure - Closed
Points to Remember about Aseptic Technique
Adherence to the Principles of Aseptic Technique Reflects One's Surgical Conscience.
1. The patient is the center of the sterile field.
2. Only sterile items are used within the sterile field.
A. Examples of items used.
B. How do we know they are sterile? (Wrapping, label, storage)
3. Sterile persons are gowned and gloved.
A. Keep hands at waist level and in sight at all times.
B. Keep hands away from the face.
C. Never fold hands under arms.
D. Gowns are considered sterile in front from chest to level of sterile field, and the sleeves from above the elbow to cuffs. Gloves are sterile.
E. Sit only if sitting for entire procedure.
4. Tables are sterile only at table level.
A. Anything over the edge is considered unsterile, such as a suture or the table drape.
B. Use non-perforating device to secure tubing and cords to prevent them from sliding to the floor.
5. Sterile persons touch only sterile items or areas; unsterile
persons touch only unsterile items or areas.
A. Sterile team members maintain contact with sterile field by wearing gloves and gowns.
B. Supplies are brought to sterile team members by the circulator, who opens wrappers on sterile packages. The circulator ensures a sterile transfer to the sterile field. Only sterile items touch sterile surfaces.
6. Unsterile persons avoid reaching
over sterile field; sterile persons avoid leaning over unsterile
A. Scrub person sets basins to be filled at edge of table to fill them.
B. Circulator pours with lip only over basin edge.
C. Scrub person drapes an unsterile table toward self first to avoid leaning over an unsterile area. Cuff drapes over gloved hands.
D. Scrub person stands back from the unsterile table when draping it to avoid leaning over an unsterile area.
7. Edges of anything that encloses sterile contents are
A. When opening sterile packages, open away from you first. Secure flaps so they do not dangle.
B. The wrapper is considered sterile to within one inch of the wrapper.
C. In peel-open packages, the edges where glued, are not considered sterile.
8. Sterile field is created as close as possible to time
A. Covering sterile tables is not recommended.
9. Sterile areas are continuously kept in view.
A. Sterility cannot be ensured without direct observation. An unguarded sterile field should be considered contaminated.
10. Sterile persons keep well within sterile area.
A. Sterile persons pass each other back to back or front to front.
B. Sterile person faces a sterile area to pass it.
C. Sterile persons stay within the sterile field. They do not walk around or go outside the room.
D. Movement is kept to a minimum to avoid contamination of sterile items or persons.
11. Unsterile persons avoid sterile
A. Unsterile persons maintain a distance of at least 1 foot from the sterile field.
B. Unsterile persons face and observe a sterile area when passing it to be sure they do not touch it.
C. Unsterile persons never walk between two sterile fields.
D. Circulator restricts to a minimum all activity near the sterile field.
12. Destruction of integrity of microbial barriers results
A. Strike through is the soaking through of barrier from sterile to non-sterile or vice versa.
B. Sterility is event related.
13. Microorganisms must be kept to irreducible minimum.
A. Perfect asepsis is an idea. All microorganisms cannot be eliminated. Skin cannot be sterilized. Air is contaminated by droplets.
HAZARDS IN THE SURGICAL SUITE
Cautery Units, Defibrillators, OR Beds, numerous pieces of equipment
All equipment must be checked for electrical safety before use!!
Leaded aprons and shields available for use during procedures.
Protective eyewear for patient and operating team.
Doors remain closed with sign - "Danger, Laser in Use."
Sterile water available in the room and on sterile field.
Smoke evacuation system is to be employed when applicable.
Surgery high filtration masks should be worn during procedures that produce a plume.
Apply good body mechanics at all times when transferring patients.
Operating room beds and gurneys will be locked before patient transfer.
Operating safety belts will be used for all patients.
Never disconnect or connect electrical equipment with wet or moist hands.
Discard all needles, razors, scalpel blades and broken glass into special identified containers.
UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS SUMMARY
Although the risk of contracting HIV in the healthcare setting is extremely low, there are other bloodborne pathogens which pose a much more significant risk. Precautions should be followed to reduce the risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens. Each healthcare worker should assess their possible risks and take precautions to reduce these risks. Universal Precautions are designed to protect healthcare workers from occupational exposure and should be followed when potential for exposure might occur.
Universal blood and/or body fluid precautions should be consistently used for ALL patients. Fundamental to the concept of Universal Precautions is treating all blood and/or body fluids as if they were infected with bloodborne pathogens and taking appropriate protective measures, including the following:
1) Gloves should be worn for touching blood and/or body fluids, mucous membranes, non-intact skin, or items/surfaces soiled with blood and/or body fluids. Gloves should be changed after contact with each patient and hands washed after glove removal. Though gloves reduce the incidence of contamination, they cannot prevent penetrating injuries from needles and other sharp instruments.
2) Gowns or aprons should be worn during procedures that are likely to generate splashes of blood and/or body fluids onto clothing or exposed skin.
3) Masks and protective eyewear should be worn during procedures that are likely to generate droplets of blood and/or body fluids into the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, or eyes.
4) Needles and sharps should be placed directly into a puncture-resistant leakproof container which should be as close as possible to the point of use. Needles should not be recapped, bent, broken, or manipulated by hand.
5) Hands and skin surfaces should be washed after contact with blood and/or body fluids, after removing gloves, and between patient contact.
6) Gloves should be worn to cleanup blood spills. Blood spills should be wiped up and then an EPA registered tuberculocidal disinfectant applied to the area. The disinfectant should have a one minute contact time and the area rinsed with tap water. If glass is involved, wear double gloves or heavy gloves. Pick up the glass with broom and dust pan, tongs, or a mechanical device.
7) Healthcare workers with exudative lesions or weeping dermatitis should not perform direct patient care until the condition resolves.
8) Disposable resuscitation devices should be used in an emergency.
9) Occupational Exposures: Definition
- Puncture wounds
- Splashes into the eyes, mouth, or nose
- Contamination of an open wound
10) Occupational Exposures:
- Wash the area immediately with soap and water
- If splashed in the eyes mouth or nose have them properly flooded or irrigated with water
- Notify supervisor as soon as possible
- Call Employee Health Center at (409) 772-5582 for information regarding blood and/or body fluid exposure management
SAMPLE EVALUATION FORM
COMPARATIVE DIVISION OF DUTIES
C. During the Procedure
D. Closing Phase
C. During the Procedure
D. Closing Phase
* Introduce self to nursing personnel.
** If "scrubbing in" on case, informs scrub person of glove and gown size.
* Assists with transfer of patient to OR bed.
* Brings patient a warm blanket.
* Performs patient catheterization if necessary.
* Performs skin prep.
** If "scrubbing in" on case, begin scrub early.
** If "scrubbing in" on case, assists surgeon and/or scrub person with draping when appropriate.
C. During the Procedure
* Answers physician pagers.
* Runs specimen to lab, when appropriate.
D. Closing Phase
* Assists with undraping of patient.
* Assists in preparing patient for transfer to PACU:
- Brings patient a warm blanket.
- Brings patient bed/stretcher into room.
- Assists with transfer of patient from OR bed to stretcher/bed.