In a review of scientific literature published in the Journal of Neurotrauma, UTMB Drs. Brent Masel and Doulas DeWitt wrote that brain trauma can kick off a disease process associated with a higher risk of epilepsy, sleep apnea, neuroendocrine disorders, psychiatric problems, non-neurological disorders such as sexual dysfunction and neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s dementia, among other conditions. Traumatic brain injury is also linked to a reduced life expectancy, they wrote. Because of all these associated problems, it deserves to be classified as “the beginning of an ongoing, perhaps lifelong, process that impacts multiple organ systems and may be disease causative and accelerative.”