A voice disorder is characterized by abnormal vocal pitch, loudness, quality or resonance. Indications for a ENT and/or speech referral include:
Hypernasality & Hyponasality
Hypernasality and Hyponsality are resonance disorders, caused by a dysfunction of the velopharyngeal mechanism.
Velopharyngeal incompetence is the inability of the velum and related musculature to close the nasopharynx, separating the oral and nasal cavities for the production of oral consonants. This can be caused by a deficiency of the velum or an increased size or the pharynx. Possible symptoms of velopharyngeal incompetence include hypernasality, hyponasality, nasal air escape, reduced oral pressure for consonants, compensatory articulation including: glottal stops, pharyngeal fricatives, and nasal snorts.
Is your child a yeller or screamer? Does your child have allergies? Thyroid imbalance? Gastroesophageal reflux or chronic indigestion? If so, your child just might be at risk for developing vocal fold nodules or polyps. Speech-language pathologists have identified more than 100 adjectives to describe the voices of people with nodules or polyps. The most frequently used words are hoarse, rough, breathy, scratchy, and harsh. Some individuals complain of shooting pain from ear to ear, a "lump in the throat" sensation, or neck pain. Some people, especially singers, notice that the pitch range of the voice is decreased in the upper, higher range. Others report fatigue in the voice or general body fatigue, possibly from the effort of talking.
Ear, Nose & Throat Clinic
University Hospital Clinics Building
1005 Harborside Drive
Ear, Nose & Throat Consultants
1600 West League City Parkway, Suite D
League City, Texas
Family HealthCare Center
9300 Emmett F. Lowry Expressway
Texas City, Texas
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