acute otitis media website
HOME Patient Evaluation Severity Grading System Exercises CASES Current Literature

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Acute Otitis Media
David McCormick, MD

Definition:
Acute otitis media (AOM) is an infection that involves the middle ear. The tympanic membrane becomes inflamed and opaque. Blood vessels to the area dilate. Fluid accumulates in the middle ear space. AOM is usually associated with infection by viruses or bacteria, although in some cases, an infecting pathogen cannot be identified.

Primary Goal:
The primary goal of this website is to promote the accurate diagnosis of acute otitis media. We present a method to differentiate the more severe cases from the mild ones.

Objectives:
The student and clinician will learn to:

  1. describe ways to perform the AOM-focused history and physical examination
  2. interpret the features of a tympanogram that support the diagnosis
  3. differentiate mild from severe AOM
  4. develop an appropriate treatment plan  (using a set of cases)

Site elements  (top menu bar)

Patient Evaluation Severity Grading System Exercises CASES Current Literature

history-taking, otosocopy,
TM anatomy, tympanometry

scoring system to grade the severity of the AOM. otoscopy assessment and tympanogram evaluation cases with comments from experts
 
cases to use in discussions with students
up-to-date  searches using PubMed interface to MEDLINE

Development Team: 
Link here for information about the author, content experts, editors and web developers. 

The author wants to hear from you if you have found this module helpful for your learning, your clinical practice, or your research.  Please contact David McCormick at david.mccormick@.utmb.edu with comments, questions, suggestions.

Our Bias:
Although in the United States today, the mainstay of treatment of AOM is a course of antibiotics, research indicates that many cases of mild AOM will heal without antibiotics. There are many reasons why our society needs to use antibiotics more judiciously.
 

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Copyright 2000 University of Texas Medical Branch
Last mod
ified: Nov. 29, 2012