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TermDefinition
Adult a person 18 years of age or older or a person under 18 years of age who has had the disabilities of minority removed by a court for general purposes (i.e., has been legally emancipated by a court) or who is: legally married; serving in the armed forces; or at least 16 years old and living away from home and managing his/her own financial affairs.
Attending Physician The physician with primary responsibility for a patient's treatment or care.
Decision-making Capacity the ability to understand and appreciate the nature and consequences of a decision regarding medical treatment and the ability to reach an informed decision in the matter.
Incapacitated

Lacking the ability, based on reasonable medical judgment, to understand and appreciate the nature and consequences of a treatment decision, including the significant benefits, risks, complications and reasonable alternatives to any proposed treatment.

Legal Guardian an individual or public agency appointed for a temporary, fixed, or indefinite term only by order of the court located in the county in which the patient resides.
Medical Power of Attorney (MPOA)

A document delegating authority to an agent to make health care decisions on the principal’s behalf if the principal’s attending physician certifies that the principal is incompetent (i.e., lacks decisional capacity). 

Medical Treatment a health care treatment, service, or procedure designed to maintain or treat a patient's physical or mental condition, as well as preventative care.
Surrogate decision maker

A person with decision-making capacity who is identified as the person who has authority to consent to medical treatment on behalf of an incapacitated patient in need of medical treatment.

Urgently / Emergently Required Medical Treatment

a medical treatment, procedure or intervention to prevent, alleviate, or reverse a condition or symptoms that, in the absence of immediate medical attention, reasonably could result in jeopardy of the patient's health, serious impairment of the patient's bodily functions, or serious dysfunction of any bodily organ or part.  example:  the administration of blood or blood components.

Use

A medical treatment, procedure or intervention to prevent, alleviate, or reverse a condition or symptoms that, in the absence of immediate medical attention, reasonably could result in jeopardy of the patient's health, serious impairment for the patient's bodily functions, or serious dysfunction of any bodily organ or part.  Example: the administration of blood or blood components.

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