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September 2021 Research publication: Gender differences in neuropsychiatric symptoms among community-dwelling Mexican Americans aged 80 and older

Sep 25, 2021, 00:00 AM by American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementias

Abstract

Background and Objectives:

To assess gender differences in prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) among community-dwelling Mexican Americans ≥80 years.

Research Design and Methods:

Using data from Wave 7 (2010-2011) of the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly, we analyzed the NPS of 914 participants as determined by the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) with assessments conducted by their caregivers. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to test the association of individual NPS with gender, adjusting for relevant characteristics.

Results:

The average age of our sample was 86.1 years, and 65.3% were women. Over 60% of participants had at least one informant/caregiver reported NPS. After adjustment, women had lower odds than men of agitation/aggression but higher odds of dysphoria/depression and anxiety.

Discussion:

Recognizing gender differences in NPS phenotype could help guide development of culturally appropriate NPS screening and treatment programs.

Citation:

Milani SA, Cantu PA, Berenson AB, Kuo YF, Markides KS, Raji MA.  Gender differences in neuropsychiatric symptoms among community-dwelling Mexican Americans aged 80 and older. Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2021 Jan-Dec;36:15333175211042958. doi: 10.1177/15333175211042958. PMID: 34565200.

Full publication

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