Outcomes for Pneumonia Patients at UTMB

Pneumonia is a lung infection caused by bacteria or viruses. Community-associated pneumonia can be acquired through everyday activities. Usually pneumonia is not life-threatening and can be treated at home, although some forms can be life threatening, especially in babies, older adults and people with other existing diseases.

Pneumonia that you get in the hospital or nursing home is called healthcare-acquired pneumonia and is more severe since people in hospitals or nursing homes are already ill. Healthcare-acquired pneumonia occurs more often in people with COPD or a weak immune system, those who experienced a long-term hospitalization, are taking many antibiotics or are on a breathing machine, or have trouble swallowing.

Length of Stay

Length of stay in health care refers to the period of time (in days) that spans from when a patient was admitted to the hospital to the time they are discharged.

UTMB’s length of stay index for patients with patients with pneumonia is below 1.0 in 2015, meaning that these patients’ hospital stays are shorter than expected. UTMB’s Length of Stay index has been lower (better) than our Academic Medical Center Peers since 2012. ┬áThe average length of stay in the hospital for UTMB patients with pneumonia was just over 4.5 days in 2015.

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UTMB defines hospital readmission as patient admission to a hospital within 30 days after being discharged from an earlier hospital stay.

UTMB’s 30-day all-cause readmission rate for patients with pneumonia was about 4% higher (worse) in 2015 than our Academic Medical Center Peers' average. In 2015, just under 15% of pneumonia patients were readmitted to the hospital for illnesses that may or may not have been related their pneumonia.

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Mortality Rates

Mortality rate in health care refers to the number of people that died from their illness or injury at the hospital.

UTMB’s mortality index for patients who had pneumonia in 2015 was lower (better) than 1.00, meaning that UTMB had fewer patients die in 2015 than predicted. Stated differently, UTMB saved the lives of 3 pneumonia patients that were predicted to die last year. For this condition, UTMB is one of the top 15% of performers among Academic Medical Center Peers in 2015.

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