The Horse.Com, Nov. 3, 2006 Research institutions from North Dakota to Texas and from California to the East Coast are working on projects aimed at protecting animals and crops. Fallout from these efforts is having a positive effect on the equine industry. A public research institution that is heavily involved in studies on ways to prevent and combat bioterrorism in animals is Texas A&M University. In April of 2004, Texas A&M was awarded an $18-million, three-year grant for "the study of high consequence foreign animal and zoonotic diseases." Neville P. Clarke, DVM, PhD, was named director of the Agriculture Bio-Terrorism Institute. Texas A&M, says Clarke, has partnered with the University of Texas Medical Branch, Texas Tech, University of California, Davis, and Southern California University on the project. The research, Clarke says, is broken down into three areas: (1) Biological. Researchers are attempting to improve diagnostic and treatment protocols for foot and mouth disease, avian flu, rift valley fever, and brucellosis; (2) New analytical and modeling methods are being created to provide better approaches for the decision-making process; and (3) Providing educational and outreach opportunities in dealing with potential bio-terrorism, including a Master's program.