UTMB’s William Winslade, professor of medical ethics, states that medical nondisclosures and cover-ups by health care providers should be avoided equally. "Full transparency trumps withholding information and not disclosing. I advise telling nothing less the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. …As counterintuitive as it might seem, truthful disclosures, apologies and appropriate acceptance of responsibility may decrease litigation and is known to decrease liability.” As difficult as it might be to disclose, and as tempting as it might be to remain silent, “disclosing is ethical and preserves integrity.” [Note: Free subscription required or view attached text file for complete article.]