SARS-CoV was transmitted from person to person mainly through respiratory droplets that are produced when a person sneezes or coughs and also through direct contact with a surface contaminated with infected respiratory droplets. “Once we figured out that infection control worked to stop the transmission, people started to get serious about it,” UTMB virologist Dr. Thomas Ksiazek told ABC News in May. Ksiazek, who is director of the NBTC and a professor in the department of pathology at UTMB, and who served as chief of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Special Pathogens Branch during the 2003-04 SARS outbreak, recalls that “We were pretty lucky, but the key was infection control and mindfulness,” noting to ABC that “mindfulness” will be key once again in containing the current outbreak since a vaccine for nCoV could take years to develop and test.