In their latest Keeping Kids Healthy column, UTMB Drs. Sally Robinson and Keith Bly write that nearly 27 million Americans age 3 and older suffer from some sort of hearing loss. That’s double the number 30 years ago. In children, three main culprits make up the majority of causes of hearing loss. They are otitis media, hearing loss at birth and other acquired causes such as complications from the measles, mumps or a head injury.