Fundamentals in Open Vascular Surgery
Successful completion of Year 2
Additional Requirements: N/A
Responsible Faculty Director:
Michael B. Silva, Jr, M.D.
to Report on First Day
Surgery Student Coordinator, Tekeema Franklin, 6.132 McCullough
including holiday period 8
|Expose students to Vascular Surgery with an emphasis on enhancing open surgical dissecting and suturing skills
|At the end of this course, the student should be able to:
1. Take a history and perform a physical exam on patients with vascular disease
2. Develop assessments and plans for patients with a focus on determining endovascular versus open surgery
3. Name and describe the function of common surgical tools used in general and vascular surgery
4. Describe and perform basic wound care management
5. Learn tissue handling techniques
6. Learn how to use Vascular needle holders including Castro-Viejo and Ryder needle drivers.
7. Tie basic knots relevant to vascular surgery
8. Describe and perform control of blood vessels
9. Describe and perform an arteriotomy
10. Describe and perform basic techniques for creating a vascular anastomosis.
11. Learn to harvest vein conduit for arterial bypass.
|Description of course activities|
|Students will focus on developing their open surgery skills. Students will practice foundational open surgery skills such as knot-tying, suturing and learning to dissect and handle tissue delicately. Students will also learn the functions of instruments commonly used in general and vascular surgery and achieve proficiency in needle handling and suturing tissue. Additionally, students will learn vascular surgery specific skills such as exposing and controlling blood vessels and creating anastomoses.
|Type of students who would benefit from the course|
|any student interested in a surgical sub-speciality who wants to begin the process of achieving mastery in open operative surgical skills.
|Clinical Activities (estimated schedule)|
|Day of Week||AM||PM|
|Monday||Clinic 6:00||Clinic 6:00|
|Tuesday||OR 6:00||OR 6:00|
|Wednesday||Educ. Conf/Didactic 6:00||OR/Clinic 6:00|
|Thursday||OR 6:00||OR 6:00|
|Friday||OR 6:00||OR 6:00|
|Average number of patients seen per week: 20|
|Call Schedule: N/A|
|Research Activities (estimated schedule)|
|Activity||Hours per Week|
|1. Clinical Observation|
|A.||Where are students observed on this elective?|
Patients simulators Other
|B.||Frequency - How often are students observed clinically?|
|C.||Format - What method(s) are used to document the student's clinical performance?|
Daily oral feedback
End of period oral feedback
|2. Oral Presentation|
|A.||Audience - To whom does the student present?|
|Faculty & Residents|
|B.||Frequency / Duration of Presentation(s)?|
|C.||Format - What guidelines are set for the student's presentation?|
|Traditional H&P format|
|D.||Assessment - Who assesses the student's presentation performance?|
|Self-assessment Peer assessment Faculty assessment|
|E.||Method of content selection|
|Current cases Student-selected topic Assigned topic|
|3. Written Assignment (H&P's, notes, papers, abstracts, etc.)|
|A.||Frequency of written assignment(s)?|
|B.||Format - What guidelines are set for the student's written work?|
|C.||Length of written assignment(s)?|
|Abstract Annotated bibliography 1 - 2 page paper 3+ page paper|
|D.||Are recent references required? No If yes, how are they selected?|
|E.||Method of content selection - e.g. student-selected, relate to cases, etc.?|
|F.||Audience - Who assesses the student’s written performance?|
|Peer Assessment Faculty Assessment Other|
Written multiple choice
Written essay / short answer
|5. Extra Course Activities|
|What expectations do you have for the student to demonstrate participation in the elective (e.g. small group activities, seminars, thoughtful questions, providing resources, journal club, resident lecture attendance)?|
|students will be expected to attend M&M, grand rounds, didactics and journal club|
|6. Additional Costs|
|Please list any additional costs and/or purchases (books, materials, movies to watch, etc.) that are required for this course. Include an estimated total cost. If there are no additional costs, please enter "None".|
|7. Other Modes of Evaluation|
|Please explain below.|
|8. If this course is an Acting Internship, please complete the following:|
|A.||Objectives for the AI should relate directly to the Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs).
Each AI should describe how the four key Year-4 EPAs that our school has identified as being Year-4 skills are
assessed. The Year-4 objectives are:
1. Entering and discussing orders/prescriptions.Specify how the student will be given formative feedback on their clinical skills.
Year-4 students should demonstrate mastery of EPAs they developed in the clerkship year, including recommending and interpreting common diagnostic and screening tests, and performing general procedures of a physician. They should be able to demonstrate masterfully and independently skills they mastered in Years 2-3, including efficiently performing comprehensive admission-notes and succinct daily progress notes and perform accurate, concise, and hypothesis-driven clinical presentations, form clinical questions and retrieve evidence to advance patient care. They should be able to demonstrate basic understanding of and beginning mastery of collaborate as a member of the interprofessional team and identify system failures and contribute to a culture of safety improvement.
List advanced clinical skills that a student will be assured an opportunity to practice.
How specifically will this AI build on developing skills from the clerkship year to prepare students for internship?
What opportunities will typically be available to all students who take this AI (procedures, required presentations, etc.)? What opportunities may be available based on patient load/presentation or student initiative (ie. Writing a case report)?
An AI should have expectation of a minimum of 32 hours per week of clinical responsibilities. Duty hours should be capped at ACGME limits for an intern, thus up to 24 hours followed by 4 hours of activities related to patient safety, education, and handoff. Students cannot work more than 80 hours per week averaged over 4 weeks. They can only have 1 day off in a 7-day work week with 8 hours off between shifts.
Clinical responsibilities will vary depending on specialty, but how is the student functioning with work commensurate to a PGY1 with an appropriate level of training?
How is the student demonstrating drawing clinical conclusions and/or developing a management plan and documentation as an intern would do?
How and by whom will midpoint feedback be provided to the student? How will you remediate deficiencies identified at midpoint?
Acting Internship students often seek letters of recommendation following their experience. How many different Faculty will work directly with the student and have knowledge of the student’s abilities to detail in a written evaluation? Describe the degree of supervision and interaction with faculty vs. residents or other providers and how feedback will be obtained if more direct work is with residents or other providers.