Muscle strain occurs when a muscle is stretched too much, too quickly, or works too hard. Sudden or excessive forceful eccentric contraction (muscle lengthens as it contracts) of the muscle causes overstretching which results in tearing of the muscle fibers.This sometimes makes the muscle tear. Muscles that are commonly strained include those in the back, neck, and back of the leg. Symptoms of muscle strain include muscle spasms or tightness, swelling, bruising, muscle weakness, or inability to move the muscle.
- Inspection and palpation
- Tenderness on palpation elicited in the injured area
- Examine the proximally at origin of the muscle, the muscle belly, and distally
- Radiographs indicated only if there is concern for associated fracture
Supportive Care "RICEAS"
Refer to Orthopedic team for suspicions of muscle tear.