Prizes, gifts, or awards, when given to employees, are generally subject to Federal Income, Social Security, and Medicare tax withholding. The Internal Revenue Code states that when prizes, gifts, or awards are given to employees, the value of the item represents taxable income to the employee unless the item is considered "de minimis." Failure to comply with the intent of the Internal Revenue Code could result in UTMB incurring substantial tax and penalty assessments in the event of an IRS audit.
The IRS defines "de minimis" as follows:
- The value of the item is nominal; and
- Accounting for the item would be administratively impracticable; and
- The item is furnished for the purpose of promoting health, good will, contentment, or the efficiency of employees.
To ensure institutional consistency and compliance with the intent of the Internal Revenue Code, the following are the guidelines that should be applied:
- Cash and Gift Certificates: prizes, gifts, and awards in the form of cash or gift certificates, regardless of the dollar value, will be considered taxable income to the employee.
- Tangible Property: prizes, gifts, and awards in the form of tangible property such as flowers, trophies, plaques, artwork, etc. will be considered taxable if the value of the item is greater than $100.
Exception: Non-cash awards given to an employee for length of service or safety achievement are excluded from taxation up to $400 per calendar year. To be excluded from taxation the award must be given as part of a meaningful presentation and under circumstances indicating that it is not a disguised form of compensation. Length-of-service awards are not exempted from taxation if the employee has been with UTMB for less than five years or has received an award during the current or preceding four years. Safety achievement awards can apply only to jobs involving substantial safety risk and can be given to no more than 10% of employees.
Exception: Non-cash tangible awards, such as plaques and trophies, that are presented at graduation and other special ceremonies recognizing academic achievement, will not be taxed if the value is less than or equal to $250.
Please contact your Payroll Services representative if you have any questions in the application of the above guidelines and to receive guidance on how to submit request for payment if the item is taxable.