Vaccines and Other Preventative Strategies
In an effort to advance strategies to prevent infectious
diseases, faculty members within the Department of Pediatrics are
actively engaged in the development and implementation of a variety
of prevention strategies. Their research focuses on developing new
vaccines, creating effective topical microbicides (products that can
be used topically to prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted
infections), and fostering attitudes and developing systems that
promote the timely delivery and use of these methods.
Xiayong Bao PhD| Associate Professor | Department of Pediatrics
Dr. Bao's research interests focus on biological roles of small
non-coding RNAs (sncRNAs), especially the newly discovered sncRNA
derived from tRNA, in response to viral infection and environmental
stimuli. Biological function studies of sncRNAs are a burgeoning field
of interdisciplinary research that crosses the path from chemistry,
molecular biology, bioinformatics and computer sciences. The ultimate
goal of her sncRNA research is to control viral replication or
stress-induced cellular responses by regulating the expression of
sncRNAs. Her other research interests include identifying the
mechanisms associated with immune evasion of respiratory syncytial
virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus (hMPV), the two leading causes of
lower respiratory tract infection in children, and developing
therapeutic molecules and attenuated vaccine candidates to combat or
prevent these two viral infections.
Nigel Bourne PhD| Professor and Senor Scientist | Department of Pediatrics
Dr. Bourne is a Professor in the Department of Pediatrics and Senior Scientist with the Sealy Center for Vaccine Development. He received his PhD from the University of Wales (Cardiff) Institute of Science and Technology. His research focus for over twenty years has been the development and evaluation of novel vaccines and therapeutics against viral infections with an emphasis on in vivo studies in appropriate small animal models. One of the principal areas of interest has been the development, refinement and use of mouse and guinea pig models of genital herpes disease to explore the impact of novel vaccines, antiviral agents and topical microbicides. In addition, for the past ten years he has worked extensively with small animal models of flavivirus diseases, in particular West Nile encephalitis, Japanese encephalitis and Dengue.
Gregg Milligan PhD| Professor and Senor Scientist | Department of Pediatrics
Dr. Milligan is a Professor of Pediatrics and Senior Scientist with the Sealy Center for Vaccine Development. He received both his B.S. and M.S. in Biology from Emporia State University in Emporia, Kansas and his PhD in Micorbiology from the University of Missouri-Columbia. He completed his fellowship in viral immunology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri. His research focuses on cell-mediated immunity to viruses. As a model, we are using a genital herpes simplex virus infection of mice; the activation, effector function, and regulation of innate and acquired immunity in the female genital tract.
Richard Pyles PhD| Professor and Senor Scientist | Department of Pediatrics
Dr. Pyles in a Professor in the Department of Pediatrics and Microbiology & Immunology and co-Director of the UTMB Assay Development Services Division in the Galveston National Lab. He received his B.A. in Biology and Chemistry from Hanover College, Indiana. He received his PhD in Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry & Microbiology from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. He completed his postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy at the University of Cincinnati. He joined UTMB in 2000 as part of the establishment of the Sealy Center for Vaccine Development.
Dr. Pyles’ research interests focus on the interaction of host mucosae with the bacterial communities (microbiome) and pathogens that dramatically impact human health. His career has been primarily focused on improving women’s health including study of sexually-transmitted infections. He is currently involved in preclinical and clinical studies of devices and interventions that increase ease of use and efficacy of next generation therapies. Recent work has led to the establishment of novel systems to study both vaginal and nasal human mucosae after colonization by transplanted microbiome communities.
- Microbicides and toll-like receptors Sexually Transmitted
Infections and Topical Microbicides . NIH/NIAID. Pyles 25%,
2005-2010.Cooperative Research Center GrantPI: David Martin, LSU-HSC,
New Orleans. $858,210.
- Protection of genital mucosa and ganglia against HSV-2.
NIAID/ NIH. G. Milligan, Principal Investigator, 33% effort,
9/01/05-02/28/10, Total Costs: $1,189,125.
- Gulf South Sexually Transmitted Infections-Topical
Microbicides Cooperative Research Center. National Institute of
Allergy and Infectious Diseases Grant No. U19 AI61972 Pyles,
Co-investigator, Louisiana State
University, New Orleans, LA.2004-2010.
- Evaluation of Colposcopy for use in Vaginal Product
Development, National Institute of Child Health and Human
Development. N01-HD-5-3407. Co-investigator Nigel Bourne - 2005-2008
- Auslander BA, Rosenthal SL, Succop PA, Mills LM, Stanberry
LR, Berstein DI (2005). Gender-specific predictors of genital herpes
vaccine acceptance in a college population. International Journal of STD and AIDS: 16; 27-30.
- Short MB. Rupp R. Stanberry LR. Rosenthal SL. Parental acceptance of adolescent vaccines within school-based health centres. Herpes. 12:23-7, 2005.
- Rupp R. Rosenthal SL. Stanberry LR. Pediatrics and herpes simplex virus vaccines. Seminars in Pediatric Infectious Diseases. 16:31-7, 2005 Jan.
- Lambert KC, Curran EM, Judy BM, Milligan GN, Lubahn DB,
Estes DM. ERa deficiency in macrophages results in increased
stimulation of CD4+ T cells while E2 acts through ERa to increase
IL-4 and GATA-3 expression in CD4+ T cells independent of antigen
presentation. Journal of Immunology 175: 5716-5723, 2005.
- Bourne, N, Milligan, GN, Stanberry, LR, Stegall, R and
Pyles, RB. Immunization with a Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 (HSV-2)
Glycoprotein-D-Adjuvant Vaccine Reduces the Quantity but not
Frequency of Viral Shedding into the Genital Tract in Guinea Pigs That
Become Infected. Journal of Infectious Diseases 192:2117-23. Epub 2005 Nov 11.
- Pyles, RB., Higgins, D, Chalk, CL, Zalar, A, Brown, C, Van
Nest, G, and Stanberry, LR. 2002. Use of Immunostimulatory
Sequence-Containing Oligonucleotides as Topical Therapy for Genital
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Infection. Journal of Virology. 76:11387-11396.
- Milligan, G. N., Meador, M. G., Chu, C-F., Young, C. G.,
Martin, T. L., and Bourne , N. Long-term presence of virus-specific
plasma cells in sensory ganglia and spinal cord following
intravaginal inoculation of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). J. Virol. 79: 11537-11540. 2005.