(about 2600 B.C.E.)

Imhotep lived in Egypt during the reign of Pharaoh Zoser of the Third Dynasty. As a great architect and the prime minister of the Pharaoh, he was responsible for the construction of the first pyramid (the tomb of Zoser at Saqqara) and of the first Egyptian temples built of stone. There is no contemporary evidence that Imhotep devoted much time to the practice of medicine. The temples he built, however, came to be used as places of healing, and some 2,000 years after his death Egyptians deified him as the god of medicine.