Also known as Rabbi Moses ben Maimon, the eminent Jewish physician and philosopher Maimonides was born and educated in Cordova. Force to leave Spain, his family eventually settled in Egypt. While serving as Chief Rabbi of the Jewish community in Fustat (near Cairo), Maimonides was appointed a physician to the court of the Egyptian Sultan. His medical works, particularly Regimen Sanitatis and Medical Aphorisms, exerted great influence upon European medicine.